Primary 2 Curriculum


Literacy and English

In Primary 2, pupils continue to develop their confidence, fluency and use of expression in reading through a graded series of fictional and non-fictional texts. They expand their knowledge and understanding of sound blends and extend their vocabulary. Pupils generally work in small reading groups to allow for group discussion. Comprehension skills are further developed through discussion and written activities.

Pupils continue to develop their writing skills through a broader range of functional writing activities. They have regular handwriting sessions to develop correct letter formation and neat handwriting in all their work. Spelling accuracy is developed through weekly spelling lists and word-building skills are further developed. Pupils will become familiar with the basic skills necessary to write simple reports, instructions and letters. They are encouraged to think about the use of vocabulary, connectives, openers and punctuation in all their written tasks to help develop their writing skills. Much of the extended and imaginative writing is cross curricular.

Listening and Talking
Pupils are expected to listen carefully to information and instructions and to act appropriately upon them. They are given an opportunity to participate in class assemblies and music performances, and to give short talks on topic work to their peers.

Modern Languages

With a Modern Languages specialist, pupils are introduced to short sessions of different languages linked to their topic work. They learn simple vocabulary and greetings, building their confidence in and enthusiasm for language learning. Pupils develop an awareness of different cultures and customs in other countries.


Numeracy and Mathematics

In Primary 2, our approach to Numeracy and Mathematics is through active learning with the aim of developing mental agility. A variety of games and resources are used to support the pupils’ learning and many of these skills and concepts are taught and reinforced through outdoor learning.

Number, Money and Measurement
Pupils extend their knowledge of numbers to 100, learn to add and subtract within 20 and work with money to find change. They count in sequences of 2, 5 and 10 and begin to understand the relationship between addition and multiplication. They are introduced to multiplication and division and they explore fractions and practise doubling and halving. Pupils use non-standard units of measurement and begin to realise the need for standardised units. They develop their understanding of time and timescale and they learn to tell the time in half hours on both digital and analogue displays.

Information Handling
Pupils carry out simple surveys and use tallies to record their findings. They learn to use a simple database and construct and interpret bar graphs.

Shape, Position and Movement
Pupils extend their knowledge of 2D shapes and 3D objects by investigating their properties and simple symmetry is explored.

Problem Solving and Enquiry
Pupils work together to solve problems using a variety of resources and learn to look for patterns.


Social Studies

In Primary 2, the Social Studies programme aims to develop knowledge, understanding and enquiry skills. They explore different types of evidence by inviting in their grandparents to ask them questions about their childhood toys.

The following topics are covered:

    • Past and Present: The focus for this topic is toys through the ages.
    • Food: Pupils look at the five food groups and where their food comes from with an emphasis on healthy eating. During this topic, pupils also look at teeth and good dental hygiene.
    • Mapping: Pupils look at Scotland and learn to recognise and find the British Isles on a map of the world. Using the Katie Morag stories as a stimulus, they compare and contrast life on an island to city life.



In Primary 2, scientific ideas are developed through play, investigations, first-hand experiences and discussion. Topics covered are:

    • Change: Pupils investigate reversible and irreversible change through fun with melting chocolate, making popcorn and looking at how water can change from one form to another. Simple food chains are explored.
    • Forces: The forces of pushing and pulling are explored through working with magnets.
    • Plants: This topic provides a great opportunity for outdoor education through planting seeds, tubers and bulbs, measuring plant growth and experimenting using 'control' plants in different conditions. Fair testing is introduced.


Outdoor Learning

Our Outdoor Learning Programme across each year group aims to ensure continuing opportunities for children to experience the outdoors across a range of curricular areas. 

Where possible, active learning in Primary 2 takes place outdoors, providing opportunities to: 

    • increase the children’s knowledge and skills without the confines of the classroom. 
    • offer numerous and ever-changing natural resources and features which, unlike man-made equipment, are non-prescriptive, their uses limited only by the child’s imagination. 
    • create a forum for problem-solving skills. 
    • create opportunity for child-led learning in unstructured play. 
    • nurture creativity and imagination. 
    • use the physical freedom of the outdoors to give real freedom to the mind and stimulate creative play. 
    • develop physical health. 
    • enhance the learning experience and enjoyment of the activity. 
    • support confidence and emotional resilience. 
    • improve behavioural and social skills – the children will be engaged, motivated, work in a team and co-operate better with each other. 
    • offer risk-taking, discovery, adventure and challenge. 
    • emphasise healthy routines, protection skills and responsible decision-making. 
    • make appropriate use of active learning, whole class teaching, related individual work, small group discussion and collaboration. 
    • make appropriate use of role-play and simulation activities.


Health and Well-being


In Primary 2, pupils explore the three areas of Health Education: Physical well-being, Food and Health & Relationships through discrete topics or as a link to another curriculum area. The topics include Food and Healthy Eating, Dental hygiene, Feelings, Friendships, and Values.

From the beginning of Primary 2, pupils are encouraged to consider the main components of a healthy meal. At lunch, pupils are encouraged to choose food from each of the five food groups and to bring healthy snacks for break.

Physical Education

Primary 2 has three 40-minute lessons per week.

The Physical Education curriculum in Primary 2 continues to focus on developing the basic travelling, object control and balance movements that underpin physical activities.

Throughout the course pupils are encouraged to:

    • perform basic movements in an increasing variety of situations that place demands on creativity, cooperation, sequencing, control and precision.
    • focus their observations when watching simple actions.
    • show their work to others.
    • communicate their own ideas in movement.
    • Develop their water confidence and stroke technique in swimming.


Religious and Moral Education

In Primary 2, we cover the following areas:

    • Christianity: Festivals, Stories from the Bible
    • World Religions: Sikhism - Guru Nanak, Special Buildings, Festivals
    • Development of beliefs and values: Caring; Sharing; Fairness; Honesty


Expressive Arts

Art and Design

In Primary 2, a range of art activities allows the pupils the opportunity to experience different materials and media and to develop and practise their drawing, painting and cutting skills. The art activities support much of the cross-curricular work undertaken during the year.


At all Primary levels, pupils improvise and experiment with movement, voice, use of space, physical objects and sound, showing imagination and inventiveness appropriate to age and stage of development. As they progress through the Primary levels, pupils develop confidence in themselves, and an ability to work effectively with their peers.

In their Primary 2 Drama lessons, pupils extend and develop their play activities from Primary 1, to incorporate a more in-depth use of voice and movement appropriate to different situations and roles. Using curriculum topics or PSE material, pupils improvise and role-play different situations, ideas and scenarios to further understand the world in which they live. They will also develop confidence and ability in teamwork, presentation and creativity.


At St George's we aim to give every pupil the opportunity to take part in music-making, to invent music and to listen and respond to music. The music curriculum in Primary 2 is based on the skills of performing, listening and composing. It aims to teach the principles of Kodaly musicianship in introducing rhythm names and sol fa notes and signs through songs, rhymes and games.

Each class has one lesson per week on their own and a second lesson when the year-group works together in a larger space to allow activities such as singing games and movement to take place along with songs which link to topics and may feed into a Music Workshop performance to parents. They learn to perform to others by taking part in assemblies and our Primary 1 & Primary 2 Nativity play.



Craft and Design

Through discovery and imagination, pupils work together in groups to design and construct models and to solve problems, for example; designing and making a chair that will support a small teddy bear.

Food Technology

During our focus on Healthy Eating, the pupils learn to 'design' and make a fruit salad. They look at Food for Life and keeping healthy, with a focus on good dental hygiene.

Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Pupils are timetabled for weekly sessions in the Junior School Information Centre and also have access to a computer and Smartboard in their own classroom. iPads are available for group work use.

In Primary 2 the pupils develop their ICT capability in the following ways:

    • Logging on and off, independently, using their own username
    • Learning to save their work
    • Further development of mouse control
    • Learning to change font size, colour and size within Microsoft Word
    • Learning to insert and edit on-line images
    • Simple programming using Bee-Bots
    • Basic introduction to Excel: coordinates and formatting
    • Basic understanding of ‘internet of things’, for example; using a Marty app to control Marty the robot


Support for Learning

Support for Learning has a broad role, which allows students with specific learning needs and general academic difficulties to be supported in relation to their individual requirements. 


In order to maximise the individual’s potential, it is considered important to develop support strategies that complement individual learning requirements. At this stage, students are carefully monitored for progress by staff. The aim is to help students meet their long-term targets in the Primary curriculum. Ongoing liaison between class teachers, Support for Learning staff and parents is an essential part of this process. 


In Primary 2, pupils may participate in our Early Intervention programme, which aims to ensure all the students have a good foundation for literacy. By intervening early, it is hoped that the foundation will be achieved through consolidating class work. The length of time students participate will vary depending on their individual needs.



Homework is very much a part of our school programme and it helps to foster a link with parents in their support of the girls' learning throughout the Junior School Years. As the pupils progress, they are acquiring individual study skills beyond the classroom which in turn contribute to the development of independent learning as they mature. We always appreciate interest and support in this essential aspect of the learning process. The time required for individual tasks may vary. However, please let your daughter's teacher know if she is regularly taking longer than the guide times. Homework is generally given on four evenings each week (Monday - Thursday).

In Primary 2, there is approximately 20 minutes per evening:

    • Reading: 3-4 evenings
    • Generally, one other main item each evening, usually selected from: Writing, Mathematics, Spelling, Social Studies or Science.