Primary 4 Curriculum

Primary 4 Curriculum



Reading In Primary 4 pupils develop their ability to scan texts for information and read a wide variety of fiction and non-fiction texts. Comprehension skills are developed through appropriate questioning where pupils identify the main ideas and decide on conclusions based on previous reading. Pupils become familiar with key features of text as they explore passages of greater maturity and complexity.

Writing Pupils learn to write in a style appropriate to the task, using suitable organisation and vocabulary and punctuating many of their sentences accurately. They begin to spell less frequently used words, using a dictionary if necessary, with increasing confidence and accuracy. Pupils are expected to use a fluent legible style of handwriting.

Much of the extended and imaginative writing is cross-curricular and may be linked to Social Studies or Science.

Listening and Talking Pupils are encouraged to demonstrate understanding of information they have heard and respond appropriately. In group or one-to-one activities, the emphasis is on listening attentively to others and on making relevant comments. Pupils are given the opportunity to talk to different audiences, ensuring that they speak audibly and clearly. Talks on an aspect of a class topic are prepared at home and presented to the class.

Modern Languages

Language projects are introduced to the P4 girls, learning not only vocabulary, but knowledge about different countries and their cultures. Examples of work are:

Spanish piñata project
Chinese mid-autumn festival and New Year
Christmas in Germany
Russian: Cyrillic alphabet code breaking
Italian food


In Primary 4 pupils are mostly taught Mathematics in mixed class groups in order to best address the range of individual abilities and learning needs. These groups are drawn up by the class teachers, in consultation with the Head of Learning and Teaching P1 to P5, from evidence gathered through a variety of assessments.

Number, Money and Measurement Pupils gain further practice in addition and subtraction of 2 and 3 digit numbers. They use their tables for multiplication and division and develop their knowledge of fractions and their equivalences. Pupils learn to measure area and continue estimating and measuring length, weight and volume. They carry out further work with time, including time intervals.

Information Handling Pupils collect information using a questionnaire or tally chart and develop their "graphing" skills to include bar charts graduated in multiple units. They use simple spreadsheets to create bar graphs and pie charts and continue to develop their skills of interpretation.

Shape, Position and Movement Pupils continue to work with 2D and 3D shapes and construct various shapes from nets. They learn to give instructions to follow a route on squared paper, find lines of symmetry and work with a wider range of angles.

Problem Solving and Enquiry Pupils continue to tackle a variety of problems through active learning and learn the strategies of trial and improvement.

Social Studies

In Primary 4 the Social Studies programme aims to develop knowledge, understanding and skills through the following topics: Mapping Skills, World War 2, Water and the Romans.


In Primary 4, scientific ideas are developed through play, investigations, first-hand experiences and discussion. A highlight of the first term is a trip to Edinburgh Zoo to further the study of vertebrates and invertebrates.

Topics covered are: Identifying Living Things, and Electricity

Health and Wellbeing


In Primary 4, pupils explore the three areas of Health Education: Physical Health, Social Health and Emotional Health through discrete topics or as a link to another curricular area.

The topics include: Our Community, My Healthy Body and Friendships.

Physical Education

Primary 4 has 3 x 40 minutes per week
Pupils are introduced to:

  • more complex and precise skills
  • more demanding competitive, co-operative and observational tasks
  • recognised games in 'mini' and modified form

The Physical Education curriculum in Primary 4 builds on the broad foundations laid in previous years. At this stage the transition from generic skills to recognised mini-games commences, and 'end-of-activity' competitions are popular events.
Throughout the course pupils are encouraged to:

  • Develop their stamina
  • Use appropriate skills in predictable situations
  • Repeat simple sequences of movement accurately
  • Produce imaginative and original solutions to set tasks

Personal and Social Development

Personal and Social Development is encompassed within the teaching of several subjects, notably, Physical Education, Religious and Moral Education, Health and a number of cross-curricular themes. It is an integral part of the whole curriculum.

Main resource: We use the Acer resource pack and a variety of discussion and drama activities to explore issues in this area.

Religious and Moral Education

The programme in Primary 4 covers the following areas: -

  • Christianity: Moses
  • Other World Religions: Judaism, Shabbat, Torah, Synagogue, Key Figures, Customs and Festivals
  • Personal Search: Rules, Influences, Rewards

Expressive Arts

Art and Design

Throughout the Junior School a programme of skills is taught and practised, and a range of art activities allows the pupils the opportunity to experience different materials and media. The art activities in Primary 4 are taught through team teaching with a specialist teacher and support much of the cross-curricular work undertaken during the year. Our budding artists can always take advantage of the facilities in our new Art Room.


At all levels pupils improvise and experiment with movement, speech, space, physical objects and sound, showing imagination and inventiveness appropriate to age and stage of development. As they progress through the levels, pupils develop their understanding and control of the media and processes of drama.

In Primary 4, drama is often developed through contexts, which relate to other areas of the curriculum. Pupils are encouraged to explore, sustain and develop roles within a drama activity and to co-operate with others in a drama situation.


At St George's we aim to give every pupil the opportunity to take part in music making, to invent music and to listen and respond to music. Over the course of their time in Junior School, pupils will learn to understand the building bricks of music i.e. structure, texture, duration, tempo, pitch, dynamics and timbre.
The programme in Primary 4 covers the following areas: -

  • Singing unison songs, rounds and part-songs
  • Playing classroom instruments
  • Learning the recorder
  • Inventing music to a variety of stimuli: poems, pictures and stories
  • Introducing Music ICT
  • Sharing musical ideas through performance


Craft and Design

Practical and design skills are developed further using tools, equipment, materials and processes to design mechanisms which are put together into a pop-up book.


Pupils work cooperatively to raise funds for materials, which are used to design products to sell at the Festive Fundraiser.

Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Pupils in Primary 4 are timetabled for weekly sessions in the Junior School Information Centre and also have access to a computer and a Smart board in their own classroom. In Primary 4 the pupils develop their ICT capability in the following ways:

  • Pupils learn simple troubleshooting tips.
  • They learn to write in paragraphs and design pages with pictures and text.
  • They use the Internet to find information on various topics and create a simple slide presentation.
  • They create graphs and charts and learn to use a screen turtle.

Support for Learning

The Additional Support Needs department has a broad role, which allows it to support students with specific learning difficulties, general academic difficulties and general academic guidance. This allows the department to be committed to encouraging and promoting the creation of successful learners, responsible citizens, confident individuals and effective contributors.

In order to maximise the individual’s potential it is considered important to develop support strategies that complement their learning requirements.

At this stage, students are carefully monitored for progress by staff and through the school’s monitoring process, which involves standardised testing in Primary 1, Primary 3 and Primary 5. The aim is to help students meet their long-term targets in the Primary curriculum. Ongoing liaison between class teachers, Learning Support staff and parents is an essential part of this process.

In Primary 4, pupils identified as requiring support in meeting their long-term targets, are taught either individually or in small groups by the Learning Support staff, who work in conjunction with the class teacher to ensure that their individual needs are met.

International Education

Primary 4 pupils make links with Germantown Friends School, Philadelphia.


Homework is very much a part of our school programme and it helps to foster a link with parents in their support of the girls' learning throughout the Junior School Years. As the pupils progress, they are acquiring individual study skills beyond the classroom which in turn contribute to the development of independent learning as they mature. We always appreciate interest and support in this essential aspect of the learning process. The time required for individual tasks may vary. However, please let your daughter's teacher know if she is regularly taking longer than the guide times. Homework is generally given on 4 evenings each week (Monday - Thursday).

In Primary 4, there is approximately 30 minutes per night. Generally 2 items are selected from: Mathematics, Spelling, Reading, English Language (grammar, comprehension, handwriting), Topic work